S2E04-Surrounded! – 四面楚歌
Hopefully none of us will ever face these circumstances…but when all is lost and you’re surrounded by enemies trying to take you down, remember the Songs of the ancient state of Chu.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Shǐ Jì 史记 The Records of the Grand Historian
Xiàng Yǔ 项羽 232-202 BCE, Late Qin warlord, fought against Liu Bang for supremacy of China after Qin Shihuang’s death
Xiàng Yǔ Běnjì 项羽本纪 The chapter of the Records of the Grand Historian that deals with Xiang Yu
Chǔ-Hàn zhī zhēng 楚汉之争 Chǔ-Hàn Contention, the epic battle between Xiang Yu of Chu vs. Liu Bang of Han
Sì Miàn Chǔ Gē 四面楚歌 Surrounded on four sides with the Song of Chu
Sì 四 four
Miàn 面 face, to face someone or something, a side of something.
Sìmiàn 四面 four sides.
Chǔ 楚国 Chǔ State or Chǔ Kingdom
Eastern Zhou 东周 The Eastern Zhou Dynasty 776-256 BCE
Qín 秦 The first imperial dynasty in China 221-206 BCE
Hǔnán 湖南 Central province of China
Hǔběi 湖北 Province located north of Hunan
Zhéjiāng 浙江 Rich coastal province
Shāndōng 山东 Coastal province in North China. Not as rich as Zhejiang but not poor either
Gē 歌 song
Chǔ Gē 楚歌 songs from Chu or Chu folk songs.
Qín Shǐhuáng 秦始皇 First Emperor of China 221-210 BCE
Xīān 西安 Known in ancient times as Chang’an, capital of several dynasties
Liú Bāng 刘邦 Ruler of the Han State
Hóng Canal 鸿沟 Located in Xíngyáng County Henan Province
Xiàngqí 象棋 Chinese Chess
Chǔ Hé Hàn Jiè 楚河汉界 Chu River and Han Border
Zhāng Liáng 张良 Statesman and strategist of the Western Han
Chén Píng 陈平 Chancellor during early Western Han
Péngchéng 彭城 ancient name of Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province
Xúzhōu 徐州 fourth largest city in Jiangsu province
Ānhuì 安徽 Inland province in China
Gāixià 垓下 Site of final showdown between Liu Bang and Xiang u, present day Sùzhōu (宿州) in Anhui Province
Hán Xìn 韩信 Liu Bang’s main general during the early Western Han
Yú Jī 虞姬 Consort Yú
Hàn Dynasty 汉朝 One of the great dynasties of China’s past 206 BCE to 220 CE
Chén Kǎigē 陈凯歌 b. 1952, One of the greats from China’s “5th Generation” of Film Directors.
Farewell my Concubine 霸王别姬 1993 Film by Chen Kaige starring the late great Leslie Cheung