CSP-S2E08-Give it All You Got! – 一鼓作气
Back to Shandong Province and the Spring and Autumn Period to the epic Battle of Chang Shao 684 BCE to learn how underdog Lu State, by the beat of a drum, out-strategized their bigger and more powerful neighbor to the north.
Chéngyǔ 成语 A Chinese Saying or Idiomatic phrase
Zuǒ Zhuàn 左转 The Zuo Zhuan, also known as the Commentary of Zuo, a written history of the Spring & Autumn Period.
Chūn Qiú 春秋 The Spring and Autumn Annals, also the name of the era
Later Zhou 后周代 The Later Zhou Dynasty, also known as the Eastern Zhou
Yī Gǔ Zuò Qì 一鼓作气 With one beat of the drums expend all energies, a burst of energy
Yī 一 one
Gǔ 鼓 drum
Zuò 作 to do or to make
Qì 气 breath
Qìgōng 气功 Qigong, an ancient Chinese practice that keeps your life forces in balance.
Lǔ Zhuāng Gōng 鲁庄公 Duke Zhuang of Lu, reigned 693-662 BCE
Cáo Guì 曹刿 Duke Zhuang’s chief counselor
Mòzi 墨子 Founder of Mohism, an early philosopher during the Golden Age in China, also the name of the work credited to him.
Qí Lǔ Liǎng Guó 齐鲁两国 The two states of Qi and Lu (that make up the province of Shandong)
Shāndōng 山东 Coastal province in north China
Chángsháo zhī Zhàn 长勺之战 The Battle of Chang Shao in 684 BCE that saw the underdog Lu defeat the numerically superior Qi Army (thanks to Cao Gui’s Yi Gu Zuo Qi strategy.
Láiwú 莱芜 Laiwu, a city in central Shandong