CHP-180-The Earliest Years of Christianity in China
Many people don’t know that the first preaching of Christianity in China pre-dated the Jesuits by more than nine centuries. We’ll take a second cursory look at the Jesuits as part of a bigger story that includes Christianity in China during the Tang and Yuan dynasties. We’ll see that prior to the arrival of Matteo Ricci, there were two other lesser known attempts to grow Christianity in China.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE:
Āluóběn 阿罗本 Nestorian monk who visited Chang’an in 635 CE
Dàqín Jǐngjiào liúxíng Zhōngguó bēi 大秦景教流行中国碑 “A Monument Commemorating the Propagation of the Dàqín Luminous Religion of China” or “The Story of the Coming of the Religion of Light from the West to China.”
Jǐngjiào 景教 Nestorian Christianity
Tiānzhǔjiào 天主教 Roman Catholicism “the religion of the Lord of Heaven”
Dōngzhèngjiào 东正教 Eastern Orthodox “the religion of Eastern Truth”
Jīdūjiào 基督教 Protestantism
Jīdū 基督 Christ
jiào 教 religion or teaching
Xīn Jiào 新教 the New religion
Lǐ Shìmín 李世民 2nd son of Li Yuan, the Tang founder
Táng Tàizōng 唐太宗 Taizong Emperor, formerly known as Li Shimin
Fáng Xuánlíng 房玄龄 Chancellor under Taizong
Zhōu Gōng 周公 Duke of Zhou
Dù Rúhuì 杜如晦 Chancellor under Taizong, colleague of Fang Xuanling
Cháng’ān 长安 Capital of Tang Dynasty China (present day Xian)
Jǐngjìng 景淨 Christian monk who wrote the story of Alopen on the Nestorian Stele
Dàqín 大秦 Rome
Xīān 西安 Capital of Shaanxi province, location of ancient of Chang’an
Jǐngjiào bēi 景教碑 The Nestorian Stele (or Tablet)
bēi 碑 a stele or stone tablet or monument.
Fùpíng County Shaanxi 陕西富平县 Northeast of Xian, the place where the stone came from that the Nestorian Stele was made from. Also the ancestral home of President Xi Jinping.
Bēilín Bówùguǎn 碑林博物馆 The Forest of Monuments Museum in Xian
Xīān Wénchāng Gate 西安文昌门 One of the ancient gates of Xian
Táng Wǔzōng 唐武宗 Tang Emperor from 840-846
Huáng Cháo Uprising 黄巢起义 Uprising lasting 881-884, weakened the Tang Dynasty.
Khanbaliq 汗八里 Capital of Yuan Dynasty China. Present day Beijing
Dàdū 大都 Great Capital…other name for Khanbaliq
Hàn Wǔdì 汉武帝 Western Han emperor from 141-87 BCE
Xiàmén 厦门 Ancient port city in Fujian
Quánzhōu 泉州 Another ancient port city in Fujian
Zhū Yuánzhāng 朱元璋 Ming Dynasty founder, also known as the Hongwu Emperor – reigned 1368-1398
Hóngwǔ Emperor 洪武帝 Zhu Yuanzhang, who came from humble beginnings and founded a dynasty.
Xú Guāngqǐ 徐光启 Also known as Paul Hsu, a colleague of Matteo Ricci
Lǐ Zhīzǎo 李之藻 Along with Xu Guangqi and Yang Tingyun, he was one of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China.
Yáng Tíngyún 杨廷筠 One of the Three Pillars of Catholicism in China
Dorgan 多尔衮 Prince Regent during the reign of the Shunzhi Emperor
Shùnzhì 顺治 1st Qing Emperor to rule over China 1643-1661
Kāngxī 康熙 Successor to Shunzhi, the longest reigning Chinese emperor 1661-1722
Yōngzhèng 雍正 Successor to the Kangxi Emperor
Luō Guànzhōng 罗贯中 Author of the classic novel “Romance of the Three Kingdoms