CHP-174-The Pirate Queen Zheng Yi Sao
In this latest episode Laszlo finally gets around to the oft requested subject of piracy in early 19th century China. Pirates had been a fact of life going back to the most olden days. Mid to late Qing Dynasty the amount of trade being plied on the China coast attracted pirates like never before. Zheng Yi Sao (“Zheng Yi’s Wife”) was a tough woman from the Pearl River Delta who married the most notorious pirate of his day, Zheng Yi. Upon Zheng Yi’s death, his widow took control of his massive pirate fleet. With her adopted son, and later husband Cheung Po Tsai, she controlled what as, at the time, the largest pirate fleet that preyed on coastal dwellers and vessels engaged in trade. She later became an inspiration for many characters that appeared in books, movies, video games and other media.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Zheng Shi 郑氏 Madame Zheng, Widow Zheng
Zheng Yi Sao 郑一嫂 Zheng Yi Sao, wife of Zheng Yi
haidao 海盗 pirate
Zhejiang 浙江 East coast province of China
Guangdong 广东 Southernmost province of continental China
Tây Sơn Rebellion Major uprising in Vietnam from 1770 to 1802
Binh Dinh Province South central coastal province in Vietnam
Da Nang Vietnam’s 3rd largest city
Nha Trang Coastal city in Vietnam
Xishan 西山 West Mountain (Tây Sơn in Vietnamese)
Guangxi 广西 One province over from Guangdong
Shi 石 Common Chinese surname, means stone
Ma 马Another common Chinese surname, means horse
Xu 徐 Common Chinese surname. I always get it mixed up with 许.
Shi Xianggu 石香姑 Zheng Yi Sao’s real name
Xinhui 新会 City near Jiangmen
Tanka or Danjia 疍家 The boat dwelling people of south China and Fujian
shuishang ren 水上人 people who live on the water
Zheng Yi 郑一 South Seas pirate who ran the Red Flag Fleet. Married Shi Xianggu
Red Flag Fleet 红旗帮 Hóngqí Bāng.
Cheung Po Tsai 张保仔 Zhang Bâozâi
Jing Hai fen ji 靖海氛记 Charles F. Neumann’s “The Pirates who Infested the China Sea from 1807 to 1810.
Jiaqing emperor 嘉庆帝 Qing emperor 1796 – 1820
Daoguang emperor 道光帝 Qing emperor 1820 – 1850
Ming Jiajing Emperor 明嘉靖帝 Ming emperor 1521 – 1567
Lantau 大屿山 Island that is part of the Hong Kong SAR
Cheung Chau – Changzhou 长洲 Island off the coast of Lantau
Humen 虎门 Located at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta
Chow Yun-fat 周润发 Great Actor who played Sau Feng, one of the Pirate Lords from Disney’s P of the C movie Part 3.
Qiongzhou Strait 琼州海峡 Body of water that separates Hainan from Guangdong