CHP-172-The Tong Wars of New York Chinatown Part 2

In this Part 2 episode the Tong Wars begin in earnest. The first and second Tong Wars are discussed.

RECOMMENDED READING

Tong Wars, The Untold Story of Vice, Money and Murder in New York’s Chinatown

by Scott Seligman

 

Article from Signature Magazine that explains the Turf Wars in NY Chinatown

 

Wish Lanterns – Young Lives in New China

by Alec Ash

 

ALSO CHECK OUT

21st Century China Program – UC San Diego

https://china.ucsd.edu/

China 21 Podcast

 

TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE

Lung Kin was a Hip Sing member who was the first to get shot in the First Tong War

Hip Sing Tong   协勝堂 The rival of the On Leongs, led by (but not established by) Mock Duck

On Leong Tong   安良堂 The Tong led by Tom Lee

Gong Wing Chung The On Leong soldier charged with Lung Kin’s murder

Sin Cue An On Leong, first a suspect in a 1900 murder and later a victim of a Hip Sing hit to prevent him from testifying against Mock Duck

Mock Duck   麦德 Top guy (but not the founder) of the Hip Sing Tong. Directed and took part in a lot of Chinatown violence

Tom Lee  李希龄  Chinatown elder credited with the formation of the On Leong Tong and other NY Chinatown organizations

Sue Sing   a Hip Sing charged with the murder of Ah Fee, got sentenced to life in the Sing Sing Correctional Facility

Lee Sing An On Leong highbinder from Dedham, Massachusetts. Tried to bump off Mock Duck in 1904

Zhongguo Huiguan 中国会馆 The Chinese Consolidated Benevolent Association

Charlie Boston 李观长 One of the top guys in the On Leongs

Chu Gong 赵昂 High ranking On Leong officer

Gin Gum   Another high ranking On Leong and later right hand man to Tom Lee

Hop Lee A Hip Sing laundryman brutally killed by the On Leongs in a retaliation murder

Shah Kai-fu 夏偕复The Chinese Consul based in the US.

mo mentai, mo mentai 没问题,没问题 Cantonese for no problem, no problem

boo-how-doy / futou zai 斧头仔 Term was used to describe hatchet men contracted from out of town. Also another name for a highbinder

Leon Ling Charged with the murder of Bow Kum but escaped and was never found.

Chu Gain Proprietor of The Port Arthur Restaurant who was carrying on with Bow Kum at the time of her murder

Lung Kong Tin Yee Gong Shaw / Longgang Qinyi Gongsuo 龙岗亲义公所Early name of the Four Brothers Society

See Sing Tong / The Sixing Tang 四姓堂 The Four Surnames Society

Sixing 四姓  Four surnames

Lau / Liu 刘 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society

Kwan / Guan 关 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society

Cheung / Zhang 张 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society

Chu / Zhao 赵 One of the four clan names of the Four Brothers Society

Hongmen   洪门 A secret society formed in China during the Qing who pined to restore the good old days under the Chinese Ming dynasty (as opposed to despised Manchu Qing). It later inspired other similar secret societies and fraternal organizations
Bow Kum 包金(?) A China-born consort whose murder in 1909 sparked the Second Tong War between the On Leongs and the Four Brothers Society

Lau Tong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum

Lau Shong Four Brothers member charged with the murder of Bow Kum

Gun Kee Four Brothers member shot and wounded in front of On Leong headquarters by a cousin of Tom Lee
Ah Hoon   An On Leong who was also a Four Brothers member. A well known comedian in his day. Shot and killed in 1909

fan tan 番摊 The game of games for Chinatown gamblers…a game of skill and guessing. Also called Chinese Roulette

pi-gow  牌九  A Chinese domino-based game of chance

6 Comments

    • Sorry about that Harry. You should be able to download it now from the Soundcloud link on the page. I forgot to add that at first…but it’s OK now.

  • Thanks answer – but I go to ‘all podcasts’ – right click ‘ selected ‘image’ – and get the opportunity to save a ‘chrome HTML document’ – NOT the podcast.

    Could you please put a step-by-step list so we can get the actual download? I am thinking I am not the only one not finding ‘the way.’ Thanks!

    • Hi Harry……Here’s my suggestion…..ditch the website and just go straight to my Soundcloud Channel at https://soundcloud.com/chinahistorypodcast. The website is something I’ve been meaning to re-do for about 2-3 years now but haven’t gotten around to it. But the Soundcloud channel is real easy to navigate and download from. Everything I ever did can be found there and I think you’ll find this easier than the web site. Let me know if this works.

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