CHP-119-The Chinese Civil War Part 1
In this week’s episode we begin a multi-part series covering the Chinese Civil War from 1945 to 1949. In China this is known as the War of Liberation. In this Part 1 we will look at the background leading up to the war as well as failed attempts by the Americans in 1945-1946 to mediate a peace between Mao’s Communists and the Nationalists led by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.
TERMS FROM THIS EPISODE
Battle of Red Cliffs 赤壁之战 Epic battle (and blockbuster movie) where Cao Cao met his Waterloo during the Three Kingdoms Period
Song Jiaoren 宋教仁 One of the founders of KMT, assassinated in 1913.
Qin Shihuang 秦始皇 The great Qin dynasty founder
Jinggangshan 井冈山 In Jiangxi, on the Hunan border, where Mao set up a successful Soviet
Xian Incident 西安事变 December 1936, in a plot led by Marshall Zhang Xueliang, Chiang Kai-shek is kidnapped.
Qiangganzi limian chu zhengquan 枪杆子里面出政权 Power grows from the barrol of a gun
Nongmin 农民 Peasants, farmers
Manchukuo 满洲国 Japanese puppet state in Manchuria
Liaoning 辽宁 Province of Manchuria
Jilin 吉林 Province of Manchuria
Heilongjiang 黑龙江 Province of Manchuria
Dongbei 东北 The northeast (Manchuria)
Harbin 哈尔滨 Capital of Heilongjiang
Changchun 长春 capital of Manchukuo and Jilin Province
Shenyang 沈阳 Industrial city on Liaoning
Dalian 大连 Port city in Liaoning
Lin Biao 林彪 Great PLA general
Chen Yi 陈毅 Great PLA general
He Long 贺龙 Great PLA general
Koumi Fujian 口蜜腹剑 Sweet talking but a sword in the belly
Zhang Zuolin 张作霖 Warlord of Manchuria
Li Xiannian 李先念 Great PLA general
Nie Rongzhen 聂荣臻 Great PLA general
Liu Shaoqu 刘少奇 Early political leader of the CCP
Ren Bishi 任弼时 Great PLA general and political figure. Died 1950.
Zhongguo renmin jiefangjun 中国人民解放军 The PLA
Zhongguo laobaixing 中国老百姓 The Chinese people
Zhou Gong 周公 The Duke of Zhou